Humeral Shaft Fracture

A Humeral Shaft Fracture refers to a break in the long, cylindrical part of the upper arm bone known as the humerus. This type of fracture typically occurs as a result of a direct blow or fall onto an outstretched arm. It can also occur as a result of high-energy trauma, such as a car accident or a fall from height.


Symptoms of a Humeral Shaft Fracture include:

  • Severe arm pain
  • Swelling and bruising in the middle part of the arm
  • Difficulty moving the arm or shoulder
  • Visible deformity if the fracture is severe


The following methods are typically employed to diagnose a Humeral Shaft Fracture:

  • Physical Examination: The doctor will look for signs of tenderness, swelling, and deformity along the humerus.
  • Imaging Tests: X-rays are usually sufficient to confirm a Humeral Shaft Fracture. However, in complex cases, a CT scan may be required for a more detailed view.


Preventing a Humeral Shaft Fracture involves:

  • Safety Precautions: It’s important to use suitable protective gear when engaging in physical activities that could lead to an injury.
  • Fall Prevention: Making your home and environment safer by eliminating trip hazards can significantly reduce the risk of falls.
  • Bone Health: Proper nutrition and regular weight-bearing exercise can help maintain bone strength and prevent fractures.


The treatment plan for a Humeral Shaft Fracture depends on the severity of the fracture and the patient’s overall health. Options include:

  • Non-Surgical Treatment: This typically involves immobilisation of the arm with a cast or brace, pain management, and physiotherapy to restore mobility.
  • Surgical Treatment: If the fracture is severe, surgery may be required to realign the bone fragments and secure them with plates, screws, or rods.
  • Rehabilitation: Regardless of the treatment approach, rehabilitation will be crucial for regaining strength and function in the arm.