Calcific Tendonitis

Calcific Tendonitis is a condition that occurs when calcium deposits form in a tendon, most commonly in the rotator cuff of the shoulder. This can lead to inflammation and pain. While the exact cause is unknown, it is often linked to wear and tear from aging.

Symptoms

Symptoms of Calcific Tendonitis may include:

  • Severe pain, especially with shoulder movement
  • Reduced range of motion in the shoulder
  • Pain that disrupts sleep
  • Stiffness in the affected shoulder
  • Unexplained weakness in the upper arm

Diagnosis

To diagnose calcific tendonitis, doctors may use:

  • Physical examinations: To assess pain and the range of shoulder movements
  • Imaging tests: Including X-rays, MRI, or ultrasound to spot calcium deposits

Prevention

Prevention methods may be similar to those of other shoulder conditions and include:

  • Regular exercise: Strengthening the shoulder muscles can help prevent injuries.
  • Proper technique: When lifting or executing repetitive shoulder movements, proper technique can reduce strain on the tendon.

Treatment

Several treatment options exist for Calcific Tendonitis, and the choice often depends on the severity of symptoms:

  • Non-Surgical Treatments: This usually involves rest, physiotherapy, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and corticosteroid injections to alleviate pain and inflammation.
  • Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy (ESWT): This non-invasive procedure uses sound waves to break up the calcium deposits, promoting the body’s natural healing process.
  • Surgical Treatments: If conservative treatments are ineffective, a doctor may recommend minimally invasive surgery to remove the calcium deposits. This could be either arthroscopic surgery or open surgery.
  • Rehabilitation: Post-surgery, a rehabilitation program involving physiotherapy is crucial to restore strength and flexibility to the shoulder.

Each treatment aims to alleviate pain, restore shoulder function, and improve quality of life. The best treatment plan depends on individual factors such as age, general health, lifestyle, and severity of the condition.