Biceps Tendon Tear at the Elbow Surgery

There are two main surgical options for treating a Biceps Tendon Tear at the Elbow:

  1. Biceps Tendon Repair: This procedure involves reattaching the torn tendon to the bone. The surgeon makes an incision near the elbow, identifies the torn tendon, and reattaches it to the bone using sutures that are attached to a small metal implant.
  2. Biceps Tendon Reconstruction: If the biceps tendon is severely damaged, a graft may be needed. The surgeon replaces the damaged tendon with a tissue graft, which can come from another part of the patient’s body or a donor.

Expected Surgery Outcome

The surgery generally results in a complete restoration of strength and function in the elbow. Patients can expect to return to their typical daily activities after ample recovery and rehab.

Potential surgery complications and risks

Like any surgical procedure, complications can occur. These may include infection, nerve injury leading to weakness or numbness, and re-tearing of the tendon.


  • Infection: All surgeries carry a risk of infection, which can lead to more serious complications.
  • Nerve Damage: There is a risk of damage to the nerves near the elbow, which can lead to numbness or weakness.
  • Re-tearing: The repaired tendon might tear again, requiring additional surgery.
  • Stiffness: Post-surgery, the elbow may become stiff and lose some range of motion.

Recovery after Biceps Tendon Tear at the Elbow surgery

Following surgery, a splint is typically worn for a week to protect the repair. Physiotherapy for gentle range-of-motion exercises is usually started after a week. Strengthening exercises begin about a month after surgery and continue for up to six months. Full recovery and return to heavy manual work or sports can take up to six months.